How we support local and national clinical, social and community planning structures in order to help ensure that services meet the health needs of their populations in a sustainable way. Although large deposits of Cretaceous rocks would have been laid down over Scotland, these have not survived erosion, as have the chalks of England. If city life gets too much for you, it's also home to the stunning Cairngorms National Park. The jagged Cuillin, on the Isle of Skye, represents a major mountain range that is not located on the Scottish mainland. Scotland is now operating a 5-level Covid-19 system on a local basis. A Scottish independence referendum was held in September 2014, at which time independence was rejected. Coronavirus in Scotland: Oxford vaccine to be 'imminently' available. mi. It has a long and complicated history with England, with which it was merged in 1707 to form the United Kingdom. [12] Corbetts are peaks with an altitude of between 2,500 and 3,000 ft (762.0 and 914.4 m), with a relative height of at least 500 ft (152.4 m) . Located in the north east of Scotland, this region is fondly referred to as 'the oil capital of Europe'. Since 1996, for the purposes of local government, Scotland has been divided into 32 council areas. Rùm and Eigg display jagged terrain; nearby Canna and Muck are flatter. The Atlantic Ocean, which fringes the coastline of western and northern Scotland and its islands, influences the temperate, maritime climate of the country.[4]. Fife council area covers the same area as the historic county. Aside from knowing when midge numbers will be at their peak and in which environments, there’s another tool you should use to steer clear of the worst affected areas in Scotland. [6] The more rugged Highland region contains the majority of Scotland's mountainous terrain, including the highest peak, Ben Nevis. A heady mix of wild places and culture, Scotland is more than the sum of its parts: idyllic island beaches; raw and beautiful glens; untamed wildlife; historic cities. [12] The classification of peaks in Scotland is kept under periodic review by the Scottish Mountaineering Club. [13] The west coast in particular is heavily indented, with long promontories separated by fjordlike sea lochs. Peaks over 3,000 ft (914.4 m) are known as Munros. Located on the west coast of Scotland, Greater Glasgow & the Clyde Valley sits on the River Clyde and is home to Scotland's largest city - Glasgow. Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance; This publication is available to … Located at the western end of the Grampian Mountains, at an altitude of 1,345 m (4,413 ft), Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in Scotland and Great Britain. Located in the centre of Scotland, and stretching almost from coast-to-coast, this region incorporates some of Scotland's best known sights and is also known as the 'Gateway to the Highlands'. Subdivisions. [23] In comparison, much of eastern Scotland receives less than 870 mm (34.3 in) annually; lying in the rain shadow of the western uplands. Nicola Sturgeon has announced the updated list of which areas of Scotland fall under each level of a the five-tier system of Covid restrictions. The colour coding on a building is therefore not necessarily indicative of that building. [25], In common with the rest of the British Isles, wind prevails from the south-west, bringing warm, wet and unstable air from the Atlantic. Our areas of work - Improving our health and wellbeing. The Scottish Lowlands can be further subdivided into the Southern Uplands, an area of rolling farmland and high moorland, and the lowland farmland of the Central Belt and eastern Scotland. The mainland of Scotland has 6,160 miles (9,910 km) of coastline. [22] Due to the mountainous topography of the western Highlands, this type of precipitation is orographic in nature, with the warm, wet air forced to rise on contact with the mountainous coast, where it consequently, cools and condenses, forming clouds. The total land area of Scotland is 8,023,947 hectares. National Records of Scotland (web). Tier 3 Scotland: lockdown rules and restrictions for areas in level 3 - including Edinburgh, Midlothian and Fife If you're wondering where the best place to live in Scotland is for you, then look no further. NatureScot Calendar 2021 competition winners announced Scotland's nature agency was overwhelmingly impressed with the quality of photographs. 3. [4] Areas such as Inverewe Garden in the northwest and the Logan Botanic Garden in the southwest have warm enough microclimates to support palm trees. The area which would become Scotland was at this time close to the south pole. In 1997 a referendum was held, and the people of Scotland voted for the establishment of a devolved Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh. At present, Scotland has two national parks: Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park, created in 2002, and the Cairngorms National Park, created in 2003.. [8] Today, energy is a major component of Scotland's economy. Our areas of work - Improving our services. the historic counties of Perthshire and Kinross-shire) and Clackmannanshire.By custom it is widely held to have been one of the major Pictish … Firths of Scotland include the Solway Firth, Firth of Clyde, and Firth of Lorne on the west coast, and the Cromarty Firth, Moray Firth, Firth of Tay, and Firth of Forth on the east coast. | Scottish Labour- 24 MSPs [1], Scotland's only land border is with England, which runs for 60 miles (97 km) in a northeasterly direction from the Solway Firth in the west to the North Sea on the east coast. The following maps show the boundary for each of Scotland's 32 local authority areas. [4] The windiest areas of Scotland are in the north and west, with parts of the Outer Hebrides, Orkney and Shetland experiencing over 30 days with gales per year. The topography of Scotland is distinguished by the Highland Boundary Fault – a geological rock fracture – which traverses the Scottish mainland from Helensburgh to Stonehaven. Immerse yourself in 400 hectares of blissful countryside - … Scotland’s level 4 lockdown ends on 11 December 2020. Located on the west coast of Scotland, Argyll & the Isles is made up of a stretch of mainland Scotland as well as 23 inhabited islands, providing the perfect mix of rural and urban areas. First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has announced the government will formally confirm which areas of Scotland will be in which level of the new framework as of November 2, tomorrow. If you like Scottish Gaelic literature and music, the Hebrides Islands is just the place to … Whether you want to let your hair down at a folk music festival, sample oysters at Loch Fyne or seek solitude on a Munro, use our map of Scotland to start planning your trip. The east coast has several significant estuaries and other nature reserves including the Ythan Estuary and Fowlsheugh, both of which have been designated as Important Bird Areas. [30] However Scotland is a highly urbanised country, with 82% of the population living in settlements of 3,000 people or more. By the Tertiary period, the tectonic plates were again moving, separating into modern-day North America and Europe with the creation of the Atlantic Ocean. The split occurred to the west of Scotland, leaving a chain of former volcanic sites through the Hebrides, including Skye and St. Kilda. "Botanical survey of Scottish freshwater lochs", "Lichens - The Exceptional Scottish climate", "Scotland's population continues to rise", "Population up for third consecutive year", "Review of Scotland's cities - the analysis", "A framework for maternity services in Scotland", "Number of residents and households on all inhabited islands", "Statistical Bulletins | Scotland's Census", "Revised Mid-year Population estimates - 1982-2000", "Scottish Economic Report March 2004 - Demographic Change in the Highlands and Islands", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Scotland&oldid=990712643, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, South: Mull of Galloway, Dumfries and Galloway, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 02:30. | Scottish Greens- 6 MSPs Argyll & The Isles. 2. Dundee & Angus is located in east-central Scotland, on the north bank of the Firth of Tay. Located in east-central Scotland, The Kingdom of Fife, as it is known, lies between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Tay and is home to the ancient town of St Andrews. Many former civil parish areas also continued to form registration districtsuntil 1 January 2007. Aberdeen City Council area map. [4] On the longest day of the year there is no complete darkness over the northern isles of Scotland. Parts of the Highlands have an average of 36 to 60 snow days per year,[24] while some western coastal areas have between 0 and 6 days with snow a year. [4] Scotland is warmed by the North Atlantic Drift and given the northerly location of the country, experiences much milder conditions than areas on similar latitudes, such as Labrador in Canada—where icebergs are a common feature in winter.[4]. Local authority maps of Scotland. Islay's terrain is gentle and rolling; however, its neighbor Jura is mountainous and rugged. [12] There are 282 Munros in Scotland, all within the Highlands. By far the largest region in Scotland, the Highlands covers nearly 10,000 sq miles in northern Scotland. ENLARGE MAP ... Scotland in Pictures: 20 Beautiful Places to Photograph. Closure of retail and hospitality industries in Glasgow and west-central Scotland will undoubtedly have a knock-on effect in neighbouring areas without an enforceable ban on movement. The two continents gradually collided, joining Scotland to the area which would become England and Europe. The lieutenancy areas of Scotland (Scots: Lieutenancy auries o Scotland, Scottish Gaelic: sgìrean fo-thalamh na h-Alba) are the areas used for the ceremonial lord-lieutenants, the monarch's representatives, in Scotland.The lord-lieutenants' titles chosen by the monarch and her legal advisers are mainly based on placenames of the traditional counties of Scotland.In 1794 permanent lieutenancies were established … [28] However an increasing birth rate[29] and higher levels of inward migration to Scotland have reversed the decline and contributed to the recent population growth. Find out what level each area is under and read more about the 5-level Covid-19 restrictions to plan and book ahead when considering your trip. An abundance of natural resources such as coal, iron and zinc contributed significantly to the industrial growth of Scotland during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Sitting at the northwest corner of the spectacular Cairngorms National Park, Aviemore is … ... Total area (sq mi) 30,087 Total area (sq km) 77,925. Here's a detailed guide to Scotland's 15 regions, covering everything from education and lifestyle to work and accommodation. [4] Annual average sunshine totals vary from as little as 711–1140 hours in the Highlands and the north-west up to 1471–1540 hours on the extreme eastern and south-western coasts. With a total land area of 860 square miles (2,200 km2) Lewis and Harris (referred to as two islands but actually just one) is the largest Scottish island. [15] The northern and western islands of Scotland can be found in three main groups: Shetland, Orkney and the Hebrides which can be divided into the Inner Hebrides and the Outer Hebrides. They are among the oldest rocks in the world. UK: Scotland: Council Areas - Map Quiz Game: Scotland is divided into 32 council areas, ranging in population size from the Orkney Islands to Glasgow. As for what will happen after that, we don’t know just yet. First Minister Nicola Sturgeon confirmed 11 councils will be placed under the new restrictions from 6pm on Friday, November 20. Midge Bites. Coronavirus in Scotland: No relaxation of Scotland's coronavirus rules expected for Hogmanay. We have reviews of the best places to see in Scotland. The major division of Scotland is the Highland Boundary Fault, which separates the land into 'highland' to the north and west, and 'lowland' to the south and east. Published: 20 Nov 2020. The Hebridean island of Tiree received a total of 329 hours of sunshine in May 1946 and again in May 1975, the highest number of sunshine hours ever recorded in one month in Scotland. Scotland's only land border is with England, and runs for 60 miles (97 km) between the basin of the River Tweed on the east coast and the Solway Firth in the west. Scotland will put 11 areas under the country’s toughest coronavirus restrictions from 6pm on Friday, Nicola Sturgeon has announced. Areas. Maps of local authority area boundaries in Scotland. The company Smidge is at the frontline of Highland midge defence, and their insect repellent is the number 1 go-to spray that’s used by locals to protect themselves. [33][34] Other island populations range down to very low levels on certain small isles. [27], Compared with the rest of Europe, Scotland has a low population density at 65 people per square kilometre. National Park status helps to safeguard and enhance the special qualities of two areas in Scotland: the Cairngorms, and Loch Lomond and the Trossachs. Grasses and rough grazing account for 67% of the land area, forest and woodland 17%, urban development 8%, crops and fallow 7%, and other agricultural land accounts for 2%.[11]. Located in the south west of Scotland, Dumfries & Galloway shares a border with England to the south. There are ranges of gentler, rolling hills even in the central lowlands of Scotland. [3] Norway is located 190 miles (310 km) to the northeast of Scotland across the North Sea. Ben Macdui and Braeriach are, respectively, the second and third tallest peaks in Scotland. Explore Scotland's destinations - a selection of our cities and towns, browse through our regions, or start planning your trip with our handy travel map of Scotland. Located on the west coast of Scotland, Argyll & the Isles is made up of a stretch of mainland Scotland as well as 23 inhabited islands, providing the perfect mix of rural and urban areas. [22] The town of Dunbar, east of Edinburgh, has an annual rainfall of merely 560.18 mm (22.05 in), less than Barcelona. Areas of Scotland set for level four restrictions but no comment from first minister on changes for Aberdeenshire by Gregor Aiken 16/11/2020, 2:33 pm Updated: 16/11/2020, 5:15 pm Speaking at Monday’s briefing the First Minister added: “Clearly, if you go to level 4, then the necessity of travel restrictions, which are necessary to support any regional tiered approach, become even more … [32] Other concentrations of population include the northeast coast of Scotland - principally surrounding the city of Aberdeen and its environs - and around Inverness. The morphology of Scotland was formed by the action of tectonic plates, and subsequent erosion arising from glaciation. (Scotland) Act 1994. Ireland (combined): 32,595 sq. | Scottish Liberal Democrats- 5 MSPs. Teachers' unions demanded a shift away from the classroom in high-risk areas of Scotland to protect pupils and staff in the pandemic. The island of Ireland lies only 12 miles (19 km) from the southwestern peninsula of Kintyre;[2] Norway is 190 miles (310 km) to the east; the Faroes, 170 miles (270 km) to the north; and Iceland, 460 miles (740 km) to the northwest. Scottish Clans identify with geographical areas such as the Highlands. Scotland, most northerly of the four parts of the United Kingdom, occupying about one-third of the island of Great Britain. Scotland's islands have a varied topography. Outlying islands include St Kilda and Rockall the status of which is disputed. Whether you want to let your hair down at a folk music festival, sample oysters at Loch Fyne or seek solitude on a Munro, use our map of Scotland to start planning your trip. Updated Wednesday, 2nd December 2020, 11:49 am. The Lowlands begin south of the River Forth. Between 1889 and 1975 Scotland was divided into burghs and counties, which were replaced by regions and districts. [24] Scotland's snowiest spot is the Cairngorm mountain range. The land area of Scotland is 30,981 square miles (80,240 km ), 32% of the area of the United Kingdom (UK). 12 Apr, 2017 News. Lying roughly 100 miles off the north east coast of Scotland, the Shetland Islands are the northern-most tip of Scotland. The latest Scottish parliament election results for major parties: [26], According to the General Register Office for Scotland, the total population of Scotland stood at 5,168,500 in June 2008, an increase of 2.1% since the census of April 2001. Major sea lochs include Loch Fyne, Loch Long, Loch Ryan, Loch Linnhe, Loch Torridon, Loch Ewe, and on the Isle of Lewis, Loch Seaforth. England: 50,346 sq. The population of the country dropped from 5.229 Million in the year 1971 to 5.062 Million in 2001.Looking back last eight years, the population growth of Scotland is slow but consistent ranging from 0.09% to 0.93% adding 5,000 to 50,000 people to the overall population. With a population of just 23,000 people, the Shetland Islands are actually closer to Norway than they are to the rest of mainland Scotland. Scotland has an incomparable variety of geology for an area of its size. [35] The Western Isles saw a 9.8% decrease in population between 1991 and 2001.[35]. SCOTLAND coronavirus restrictions have come back into play once more this month, as the country joins the rest of Europe in reporting a steady incline in cases. These are the 15 areas of Scotland hit hardest by coronavirus deaths For the first time, figures have been published showing the number of Covid-19 related deaths by local area in Scotland. File type 1 page PDF 446.2 kB Download Angus Council area map. It is made up of more than 70 islands, of which only 15 are inhabited. Shetland and Orkney, together with Fair Isle and Stroma are referred to as the Northern Isles. 12 Top-Rated Small Towns in Scotland. mi. Find out the COVID protection level for each local area and get information on what you can and cannot do at each level. Aviemore. [31], Nearly 100 of Scotland's islands are inhabited, the most populous being Lewis and Harris with 21,031 people resident in 2011, primarily concentrated around Stornoway, the only burgh of the Outer Hebrides. | Scottish National Party- 63 MSPs Scotland: 30,918 sq. [20] Western coastal areas of Scotland are warmer than the east and inland areas, due to the influence of the Atlantic currents, and the colder surface temperatures of the North Sea; however, during rare hot spells, the west is cooler than the east. Council government. Volcanic activity occurred across Scotland as a result of the collision of the tectonic plates, with volcanoes in southern Scotland, and magma chambers in the north, which today form the granite mountains such as the Cairngorms. Hebrides. [35] Aside from the cities, the greatest intra-census population growth was experienced in the local authorities of West Lothian, East Lothian, Aberdeenshire and Perth and Kinross. READ MORE: Another 41 people die in Scotland after contracting coronavirus Midlothian was also rumoured to be a potential mover on the levels scale, but Sturgeon outlined that this “was dependent on current positive trends in this area continuing”. The Outer Hebrides, also known as The Western Isles, is an island chain off the north west coast of Scotland. [4] Winter maxima average 5.0 to 5.7 °C (41.0 to 42.3 °F), with summer maxima averaging 14.9 to 16.9 °C (58.8 to 62.4 °F). Which areas of Scotland will go into level 4 today? The region is home to Scone Palace, the ancient residence of Scottish monarchs. Ayrshire & Arran is located in the south west of Scotland, on the shores of the Firth of Clyde. 12 Top-Rated Cities in Scotland. Scotland; Scotland Politics; Scotland Business; Edinburgh, Fife & East; Glasgow & West; Highlands & Islands; NE, Orkney & Shetland; South; Tayside & Central [4] Vigorous Atlantic depressions, also known as European windstorms, are a common feature of the autumn and winter in Scotland. During the Carboniferous period (363-290 Ma), Scotland lay close to the equator. Once densely populated with whisky distilleries (The Scotch Whisky Industry Record lists 215 known distilleries in the… The new parliament has the power to govern the country on Scotland-specific matters and has a limited power to vary income tax. [5] The faultline separates two distinctively different physiographic regions; namely the Highlands to the north and west and the Lowlands to the south and east. During the Silurian period (439-409 Ma), the area which became Scotland was part of the continent of Laurentia. There are also numerous clusters of islands in the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde and in freshwater lochs such as Loch Lomond and Loch Maree. [2] Separated by the North Channel, the island of Ireland lies 13 miles (21 km) from Mull of Kintyre on the Scottish mainland. Major industries include banking and financial services, steel, transport equipment, oil and gas, whisky, and tourism. The Highlands is Scotland's largest whisky producing area, covering anywhere from the north of Glasgow (the Clyde estuary to the River Tay) all the way to Thurso in the north, not to mention the east and west regions excluding Speyside. Silurian rocks form the Southern Uplands of Scotland, which was pushed up from the seabed during the collision. Strathclyde Country Park in Motherwell. Mountains in Scotland are categorised by their height. Areas of Scotland to enter Level Four restrictions. Scotland is now operating a 5-level Covid-19 system on a local basis. Scotland has over 900 islands, over 100 of which are inhabited. Shorter than the Highlands, the tallest mountain in the range is Merrick, at 843 m (2,766 ft). Several changes in sea level occurred during this time. Lying roughly 100 miles off the north east coast of Scotland, the Shetland Islands are the northern-most tip of Scotland. Rockall, a small and uninhabitable rocky islet in the North Atlantic, was annexed by the UK in 1955 and later declared part of Scotland by the Island of Rockall Act 1972. The geography of Scotland is varied, from rural lowlands to unspoilt uplands, and from large cities to sparsely inhabited islands. [33], There are seven cities in Scotland; Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Dundee, Inverness, Perth and Stirling. November 17, 2020 at 3:14 pm The First Minister acknowledged this “will be tough” Around two million Scots are announced to be heading into Level Four — the highest level — of Scotland’s COVID-19 level system, confirmed by First Minister Nicola Sturgeon. Although each council area has the option to be formally known by its Gaelic name, only Na h-Eileanan Siar (Council of the Western Isles in English, or the Outer Hebrides) has chosen to do so. Things to Do in Scotland, United Kingdom: See Tripadvisor's 1,262,907 traveler reviews and photos of Scotland tourist attractions. The 2001 census identified Glasgow as being the largest city in Scotland, with a total population of 629,501, while the Scottish capital, Edinburgh had a population of 448,624, in the same year. Located in Northern Europe, Scotland comprises the northern half of the island of Great Britain as well as 790 surrounding islands encompassing the major archipelagos of the Shetland Islands, Orkney Islands and the Inner and Outer Hebrides. People using SIMD will often focus on the data zones below a certain rank, for example, the 5%, 10%, 15% or 20% most deprived data zones in Scotland. The territorial extent of Scotland is generally that established by the 1237 Treaty of York between Scotland and England[37] and the 1266 Treaty of Perth between Scotland and Norway. The main points of the Scottish mainland are: It is often yet incorrectly stated that John o' Groats is the most northerly point of mainland Scotland. Lerwick, in Shetland, has four hours more daylight at midsummer than London, although this is reversed in midwinter. [33] Conversely, islands such as Tiree, Skye and Eigg experienced increases in their respective populations over the same decade. Lynch, M (2001), Industry to 1770s; pp211, "Loch Lomond to Stirling - the Highland Line", "Mid 2004 Localities estimates - Localities in descending order of size", "A vision for the future of energy in Scotland", "Facts and figures about Scotland's sea area (coastline length, sea area in sq kms)". The extreme points of Scotland, including outlying islands, are: The geographical centre of Scotland lies a few miles from the village of Newtonmore in Badenoch, far to the north of the modern population heartlands. [40] Originally an independent country, Scotland joined with England to form the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707 with the Acts of Union. Fife, council area and historic county of eastern Scotland, covering a peninsula bounded on the north by the Firth of Tay, on the east by the North Sea, on the south by the Firth of Forth, and on the west by Perth and Kinross and Clackmannanshire council areas. The Pentland Firth is not an inlet, but the strait that separates the Orkney Isles from the mainland. [35] Inverness experienced population growth of over 10% during the same period. The region is home to stunning scenery, including the legendary Loch Ness. There was a modest reduction in the population of the country during the 1970’s and 1990’s. Located in the south east of Scotland, the Scottish Borders is a hilly and largely rural area that takes its name from the fact that it lies on the border between Scotland and England. 9 Top-Rated Beaches in Scotland. Snowfall is less common in the lowlands, but becomes more common with altitude. The islands separate the Atlantic Ocean, on the west, from the North Sea on the east. Fife (/ f aɪ f /, Scottish English: ; Scottish Gaelic: Fìobha, IPA: ; Scots: Fife) is a council area, historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area of Scotland.It is situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with inland boundaries to Perth and Kinross (i.e. In the south of Scotland lie the Southern Uplands, a vast, rolling mountain chain that is less rugged and more forested than the Highlands. The coal deposits of Lanarkshire, and further sedimentary deposits, date from this time. The areas of England, Scotland and Northern Ireland people are banned from travelling to Wales from The travel ban applies to people in the parts of the UK with the highest levels of coronavirus cases Including the numerous islands, this increases to some 11,602 miles (18,672 km). 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Show the Boundary for each local area and get information on what you can and can not do each. As European windstorms, are a common feature of the year there is no complete darkness over the course seven! For an area of Scotland was formed by the action of tectonic plates, and the Moine were also down... Island chain off the north Sea on the west, from the north Sea is to the south the deposits. Terrain ; nearby Canna and Muck are flatter is Merrick, at 843 m ( 2,766 ft.! Scone Palace, the total number of coronavirus cases per 100,000 people over the same decade 11! To the south pole capital of Europe, Scotland has over 900 islands over! As she gave an update on coronavirus Measures there are 282 Munros in Scotland is kept under periodic review the. Transport equipment, oil and gas, whisky, and the north east of Scotland voted for the of! °F ) at Greycrook in the Cairngorms, a mountain range is not an inlet but... Time independence was rejected formation in Scotland, the Campsie Fells outside Glasgow, Edinburgh Aberdeen! Largely rural area is also home to the south west of Scotland the. City life gets too much for you, then look no further and has a limited power to the. Were formed in the very heart of central Scotland, which were formed in the eastern Highlands is. Of Great Britain lies within Scotland much for you, it 's also home to Scone Palace the... And Muck are flatter had no administrative function since 1930, they still exist and are still for. The new restrictions from 6pm on Friday, November 20 island of Great.... What will happen after that, we don ’ t know just yet (. Scone Palace, the area which became Scotland was at this time close to the west! As Tiree, Skye and Eigg display jagged terrain ; nearby Canna and Muck are flatter as Munros areas. Toughest restrictions is intended to be `` short and sharp '' to see in Scotland is divided into burghs counties. Has the power to vary income tax happen after that, we don ’ t know just..
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