She’s especially proud of the flowerbeds she and her three-year-old son built with rocks dug up from their little Alaska homestead. The first tree was named Shin Daihaku but changed to 20th Century With a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these 20th Century pear trees are hardy to United It’s also a self-pollinating variety, although you’ll only get a small harvest without planting another variety nearby with a similar bloom time for cross-pollination. Estimated chill requirement: 300 to 400 hrs below 45°F. In all, you should prune about 10 percent of the tree’s total branches each winter. Select a spot that gets at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. Water your pear tree deep but not too frequently. variety got its start as a happy accident. ‘Shinseiki’ reaches a height of 12 feet and only requires 250-300 chill hours. Or, plant a dwarf or standard-sized cultivar straight into the ground for a beautiful and tasty addition to your landscape. moth. climates. 450 hrs. Will grow in zones 5-9a. Asian pears tend to overproduce and need to be thinned shortly after bloom. Once the tree blossoms and begins fruiting in the spring, thin the fruits to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. many of the Asian pear varieties. The 20th Century Asian Pear will set a much heavier crop when planted with one of the other Asian pear varieties. I’ve just planted a chojuru and a Bartlett next to each other. When and How to Harvest Homegrown Potatoes, 5 Reasons Your Pumpkin Vine Isn’t Blooming, How to Grow and Care for Alstroemeria (Peruvian Lily), 7 of the Best Companion Plants to Grow with Chard, How to Protect Sunflowers from Birds and Squirrels, How to Grow Raspberries: Enjoy Berries for Years to Come, Bees, birds, flies, wasps, and other pollinators, Aphids, codling moth, deer, moose, twospotted spider mites; bacterial canker, crown rot, fire blight, powdery mildew, Early-blooming ‘Shinseiki’ and ‘Yoinashi’, Mid-blooming ‘Ichiban Nashi’ and ‘Shinsui’, Choose a location with full sun or partial afternoon shade if you live in Zones 8 or 9, Fertilize every spring with a 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer. Transfer them to a freezer bag, and voila! throughout the region. Start by washing each fruit, peeling the skin off (if you want to), and coring it. Does it taste like a delicious, crisp, juicy pear? Place the sheet in an oven heated to just 175°F and cook for about four hours, flipping the slices over every hour, until they have a leathery texture. Also known as Nijisseiki Asian pear, 20th Century Every time you water, check for weeds. Here is more about what we do. The Asian pear tree not only produces an abundance of delicious fruit, but it’s also aesthetically pleasing without taking up too much space. It is healthy and thriving well with my other Asian Pears. Water thoroughly and deeply, and make sure the pot is set in an area that receives full sun and is within 15 feet of another variety of Asian pear. You’ll either have to rely on a spray-application repellent like Plantskydd, which you can find on Amazon, or you’ll have to build a fence, which the article above shows you how to do. Harvest Dates. early midseason. This helps the individual fruits grow bigger and reduces pest and disease infestation since the space provides the fruits with adequate ventilation. blooms in spring, filling the air with fragrant white flowers. pears for those of us that don’t live in warm regions. temperatures approach. Even in the case of self-pollinating cultivars, cross-pollination leads to much bigger harvests. have showy purple to red stamen that result in prolific fruits in late summer. I’ll be sure to fence for deer soon…. 20th Century pears, botanically classified as Pyrus pyrifolia, are the fruits of a large deciduous tree that can reach up to ten meters in height and belong to the Rosaceae or rose family. You can also dry slices in the oven. You'll love the high quality harvest from your very own tree. Also known as Nijisseiki, 20th Century pears are one of the most popular Japanese pear varieties in the world and are known for their crisp, juicy flavor. The best way to preserve them to eat whole? many fungal issues makes them especially great for gardeners in cooler, wetter By far the most dreadful disease an Asian pear tree can face, fire blight, caused by the bacteria Erwinia amylovora, destroys any existing fruit and turns leaves to a burnt-crisp color and texture, hence the name. All Asian pear trees except ‘Shinko’ are susceptible to fire blight, but you can help prevent it by applying liquid copper, like BONIDE® Liquid Copper Fungicide from Arbico Organics, to the top of each bud when it breaks in the springtime. Easily pollinated by planting ‘Hosui’ alongside it, ‘Chojuro’ requires 450 chill hours. That should work well. The twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, is a tiny brownish-green pest that causes damage to foliage and usually only bothers a tree if it is water-stressed. Order yours today! And for more information about growing pear trees, check out these guides next: Photo by Nikki Cervone © Ask the Experts, LLC. Today we're showing you our very first harvest of our 20th Century Asian Pear. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Keeping your sapling well-watered can help prevent infestations, as can a rotation of miticides like Bonide Insecticidal Soap, Bonide Mite-X, and Organocide Bee Safe Garden Spray, all available from Arbico Organics. Although it is self-fertile, this type delivers a larger crop when planted in close proximity to another cultivar that blooms at the same time. If it feels dry, give the tree a thorough watering. (coming soon!). During the first year of growth after planting, you’ll want to water your Asian pear tree once or twice a week, depending on the amount of rainfall. You can learn more about how to store pears in our guide. Most other varieties require cross-pollination. The fruits are medium to large, golden yellow and sweetly juicy with As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in full sun and situated in well-draining soil. superior to the current favorites and, in time, won awards and accolades This is because seeds don’t grow into exact replicas of their parent trees. There’s nothing sadder than watching cervids snack on fruit trees. They stay narrow, not growing too wide or spreading. The larvae have black heads and white bodies. Make a hole in the soil that’s as deep as the root ball and just a smidge wider. Self-fruitful or pollenized by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other pear or Asian pear. High in Vitamins C and K, and rich in fiber, the crisp fruits are often sliced and added to salads, baked into pies, and enjoyed as snacks. To set fruit, these deciduous trees require around 300-500 chill hours at temperatures lower than 45°F each winter, which isn’t too hard to achieve even in the warmer climates of Zone 8 or 9. Unlike European pears (P. communis), Asian varieties don’t turn soft and mushy when ripe. Before you make your selections, make sure you’re in the right growing zone, and that you have plenty of space, and enough room to plant two varieties. Planting: Plant your 20th Century Asian Pear tree in a hole twice as wide and nearly as deep as the root's ball. It produces yellow round pears (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with hints of red and white flesh which are usually ready for picking in late summer. There’s one major disease that threatens the health of your P. pyrifolia plants. The oval, pointed leaves turn an attractive red to orange when cold Hope they take off in the spring! Pear trees should be trained and pruned in a similar fashion as apples. full sun and situated in well-draining soil. production. generation. Or they can be stored in the refrigerator, where they’ll keep for – wait for it – several months. You get the idea: this is a large, extra-juicy cultivar. Place them in the chiller compartment of your refrigerator. Keep young trees moderately moist and train Replace it each season to keep that layer of protection over the tree’s root system. They’ll last between six months and one year in a cool, dry location. Asian pears ripen on the tree, so when the fruit is the size, color, and firmness it’s supposed to be at maturity, it’s ready for picking. Resistant to pear leaf spot. Deciduous tree. Trees reach mature dimensions of 12 to 18-feet-tall with a spread of 12 to 15 feet. Fruits may be harvested any time between August and October, depending on the cultivar you’re growing. If you’ve ever had this experience, consider me jealous, but in a good way. Lay the pieces on a cookie sheet and put them into the freezer for four hours or until they’re frozen solid. Just remember to eat them within six months. Potted 20th Century Asian Pear Shipping Size: 3-4 feet with 1 foot pot. But they all have that delicious and enduring crunch that Bartletts can only dream of and that some of us prefer over the texture of a European pear. Most popular Japanese cultivar that is semi-self fertile but bears better with a pollinator. 20th Century is a small, easy to grow, heavy bearing tree. They'll make a fabulous, energetic hedgerow. The plant does have an Achilles heel but, with good care, it surpasses If you have deer or moose in your area, it’s time to learn how to keep the large herbivores away from your precious Asian pear trees. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Best of luck! It is round, yellow-skinned, easily bruised, but stores well up to six months. Help support the channel for free by shopping through our Amazon page here! You can find bare root ‘Hosui’ trees available at Burpee. You can conduct a soil test to determine the pH and nutrient balance of your soil and amend accordingly. to 10 years after planting. More specifically, they’re native to western China, and long ago naturalized in south and central Japan. Its popularity was at its peak in To retain moisture and suppress weeds, consider putting down a three-inch layer of mulch. Although it is self-fertile, this type delivers a larger crop when planted in close proximity to another cultivar that blooms at the same time. The tree blossomed this year, but of course I will remove any fruit as this is only the first year. Laura Melchor grew up helping her mom in the garden in Montana, and as an adult she’s brought her cold-weather gardening skills with her to her home in Alaska. The primary issues with 20 th Century are alternaria black spot, fire blight and codling moth. This will also help to keep the height manageable. needs. Container trees are available at Nature Hills Nursery. Once the tree is established, you can water it once a week, or when the top two to three inches of soil dry out. In addition, trim some of the branches nearest to the trunk to encourage them to produce blossoms. ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. 20th Century is a widely adaptable variety. Asian pear trees produce golden, apple-shaped fruit that has a sweet pear flavor with the texture of a crisp apple. Their resistance to 20th Century Asian Pear Asian pear '20th Century' A self-fruitful, deciduous ornamental tree that produces small, golden-yellow, round pears. I don’t take any chances with Cervids. It is especially sensitive to salt but will tolerate both drought and flooding. the early 1900s and the original tree was designated a national monument in Planting a P. pyrifolia alongside a European variety can also encourage more honeybees flock to both trees, as they’re typically more attracted to European varieties. Some cultivars, such as ‘Shinseiki,’ ‘20th Century,’ and ‘Tennosui,’ are self-pollinating. Some spots are at the base of the leaf, some are in the center, and some are on the tip. I dream of traveling to Japan and China someday, to sample their expertly grown P. pyrifolia fruits. Have you ever grown Asian pear trees in your backyard? Sign up for our newsletter. Approximately 2 to 3 weeks after bloom, shake the branches of the tree to force any fruit that has stopped developing to drop. Crisp like an apple, the 20th Century is a mild-flavored and juicy sweet Asian pear that is wildly popular in Japan and California. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ), available from Arbico Organics, according to package instructions. If you’d rather freeze your pears to puree later for smoothies or baking, you can do that too. Asian pear trees can take between three to five years to begin producing fruit after propagation. Before the leaves appear, branches are covered in clusters of showy white blossoms. Peel them, core them, and slice them into halves or into smaller pieces. Like apples, they ripen on the tree and have a crisp, firm texture, but they have juicy, white flesh with the flavor and fragrance of pears. But you can have it in your own backyard, too. Plus, it’s nice to have the option to move it from one place to another, especially if you live in Zones 8 or 9, where you have to make sure to keep your tree cool in the summertime. Flesh of the fruit is bright white, crisp, and takes on an excellent sweetness. Keep the soil moist until your area’s first wintertime freeze, especially in the sapling’s first few years of growth. A large round yellow fruit that stores well. tolerant. Chinese miners and railroad workers planted seeds in California during the Gold Rush, and additional cultivars from Japan arrived with Japanese immigrants starting in the 1890s. I do both. Plant trees 8- 10 feet apart, but allow for more space if you would like the tree to grow wider. Then ‘Hosui,’ with its 10- to 20-foot height and spread and classic, russet, apple-shaped fruits, is the perfect cultivar for you. pears offer a delicious alternative to European Originates from Korea in 1969. Cold-hardy. In warm areas, use a light-colored mulch to help keep the roots cool. Cervids, whether they’re moose or deer, won’t hesitate to devour your tree whether it’s got fruit on it or not. Yes, do fence for deer or at least apply Plantskydd regularly! Pairings that work well together for pollination purposes are: Asian pears can also cross-pollinate with European pears. Fruit tends to ripen in early August. We’ll cover both planting methods to make it easy for you to choose which is best for your garden. Dip your shears or pruners in a solution of water and 10 percent bleach to help prevent the spread of the infection. I doubt they’ll even last you three months, they’re so delicious. Laura also writes novels and holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts. The attractive mid-sized fruit is bright yellow with a hint of rosy blush, and it has a crisp texture and mild flavor. While a majority of the tree has healthy leaves, the number of discolored ones is … Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. time. 20th Century Asian Pear – Semi-self fertile! As a freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web. Juicy or crunchy (depending on the variety and maturity), honey-sweet yet not overpowering, mature Asian pears can be enjoyed right away when you pick them. Or make the task easy by filling it with premixed raised bed soil, like Vermont Organics Raised Bed Recharge available from the Home Depot. If you have a sweet tooth, you could also use some of your crop to make this heavenly pear sorbet with ginger-infused maple syrup, also from Foodal. Asian You’ll still get a decent harvest, but your tree will remain a manageable size. Currently, it is the third most planted pear after “Kosui” and “Hosui”; however, these cultivars were bred from “20th Century”, so Kakunosuke’s achievement continues to shine. You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. Another way to prevent infestation is to space the fruits far enough apart so they aren’t touching, thinning them to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. Like apples, each fruit contains five seeds. I’d love to hear your stories or questions in the comments section below. Stores up to nine months in proper refrigeration. If so, then it’s harvest time! The soil should be moderately loose, organically rich, and well-draining with a pH between 6 and 7. Use organic mulch such as straw or wood chips so that the material can add nutrients to the soil as it decomposes. You can also prune the tops of the branches farthest away from the trunk, as those produce fruit that’s less sweet and often smaller. The site should receive at least eight hours of full sun every day in Zones 5-7. It may take some time to enjoy the juicy pears, but COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. Century are alternaria black spot, fire They are also sometimes called P. serotina. The 20th Century Asian pear tree produces the unique apple pear. Codling moths lay tiny translucent eggs on the leaves. fruit to avoid stressing the branches and get larger, healthier pears. To check the moisture level, stick your finger about one inch down into the soil. in the Japanese culture. Keeps well. This is an excellent option for those with limited space. They ripen on the tree and maintain a crisp, juicy texture. With a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these problems can … Container growing is also ideal for a patio or small backyard. Kakunosuke had passed … But I also learned how to keep the pests out of my apple orchard, which you can learn more about in our guide to keeping moose out of your yard. The New Century Asian Pear is my favorite for making Asian Pear Jam. The Nijisseiki Asian pear was once the most planted tree in problems can be minimized or even avoided. The primary issues with 20th As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in You can also spray horticultural oil, available from Arbico Organics, on the leaves and trunk to smother unhatched eggs. Early treatment is crucial to the recovery of a plant. To keep the tree healthy, prune away diseased, broken, or injured branches during its winter dormancy period. This will encourage a well shaped tree, and also allow the roots and branches a chance to balance up from when they were dug from their original growing spot. Japan but is now relegated to third place. The original tree was designated as a national monument in 1935. How To Water, Fertilize, and Prune Pear Trees. firm, white flesh. 20th Century (Nijisseki) - This is the best flavored and most popular Asian pear in Japan and California.It originated in Japan in about 1900 and was responsible for the high popularity of pears in Japan. extent, planting two more compatible varieties nearby can help increase There are two major plant pests to watch for when you’re growing Asian pears. Juicy, sweet, mild-flavored fruit is crisp like apple. The 20th Century Asian pear tree requires a different pear variety for pollination. Pear Tree Care. Despite some cultivars producing fruit reminiscent of an apple, the Asian pear is not a hybrid with this fruit. ‘20th Century,’ aka ‘Nijisseiki,’ is highly popular for its abundance of incredibly juicy fruit and ornamental, multi-season interest. The first is the codling moth (Carpocapsa pomonella), which eats through the fruit to get at the seeds, rendering it inedible. Bloom Season within fruit type(see note) early midseason. It spreads easily and can kill entire trees. Like apple, nectarine, and peach trees, Asian pears are members of the rose or Rosaceae family. I love it because I prefer firm and crisp varieties of this fruit, and if that’s your preference, you will too. They can be hard to find at your local grocery store or farmers market in some places, but luckily, if you live in USDA Hardiness Zones 5-9, you can try your hand at growing them at home. Maybe you know them as apple pears, papples, or nashi pears, but whatever you call them, the fruits of the Pyrus pyrifolia tree are delicious. At the time of its introduction, the fruit was considered They blossom with fragrant white petals in the springtime and, depending on the cultivar and growing conditions, produce fruit four to seven months later. Planting Instructions: Plant your 20th Century Asian Pear tree in a hole twice as wide and nearly as deep as the root's ball. Grow The Most Popular Asian Pear!Everything about this tree is great. 20th Century Pear is a large tree that is typically grown for its edible qualities. Pruning: Prune trees by about half when planting to encourage vigorous and compact growth. How to Use 20th Century Asian Pear in the Landscape. The Kieffer pear grows best in slightly acidic, deep, heavy, and moist (but well-drained) soil. Pear Tree Sun exposure and Size. If you are growing your Asian pear in a container, you’ll want to prune it to remain about five to six feet tall – essentially turning it into a fruit-bearing shrub rather than a fully dwarf-sized fruit tree. As their name implies, these fruits originated in eastern Asia and have been cultivated for at least 3,000 years. You can learn more about how to harvest pears in our guide. Even if you don’t have a large yard, you can still grow P. pyrifolia: some cultivars can grow up to 40 feet tall, but widely available dwarf varieties reach just six to 15 feet in height. First, make sure you have enough space. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. 20th Century Pear is a large tree that is commonly grown for its edible qualities. If you live in Zones 8 or 9, select a site that receives partial afternoon shade to help temper the effect of the heat. You can find trees available from Nature Hills Nursery. It’s easy to plant a dwarf tree in a container. The recipe calls for ‘Bosc’ pears, which you can easily substitute with sliced P. pyrifolia. fruit low enough for hand picking. Despite their long history in Asia, they’re relatively new in the United States, arriving here in 1820 when horticulturist William Prince imported the plant to grow in Flushing, New York. The 20th Century Asian Pear has large ugly dark marks that occur in different locations on only some of the leaves. Great for fresh eating. This juicy Asian Pear treat is great eaten fresh and it stores well for canning and preserving. You don’t have to water it through a freeze, but make sure to start checking the soil moisture again as soon as the earth thaws in springtime. This cultivar often begins producing fruit in its second year, though it can take up six years before you can pick a decent harvest. Plant the 20th Century Pear in full sun. Because grafting takes skill and special equipment, the best way to plant an Asian pear tree is to purchase two varieties from a nursery or gardening store and find a perfect area to plant them together. Cut into slices that are 1/2 an inch thick. Other methods of propagation include micropropagation via tissue cultures. As an added benefit, you'll get a … Regular water needs once established. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. blight and codling With its round apple shape and juicy-sweet butterscotch flavor, this variety is the one most commonly found in grocery stores (when you can find them!). It should be at least 20 inches in diameter. Product photos via Arbico Organics, Burpee, Home Depot, Nature Hills Nursery, and Plantskydd. The resulting fruit turned out But I adore eating them in salads, too, like this pear, currant, and hazelnut salad from our sister site, Foodal. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. Lay the slices on a greased cookie sheet. Requires 400 chill hours. This Asian pear’s skin is a beautiful yellow-green color. Hosui Asian Pear. 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Reapply the solution every four to five days until the blossom shrivels and the fruit begins to grow. Pruning each year in the dormant season is important, but flower thinning can also help with fruit production. produce fairly large, sweet, crisp fruits that became one of the premier pears 20th Century Asian Pear Trees can be self-fertile, but for good crops they require a pollinator tree to produce vibrant healthy pears. Although self-fruiting to an If you get frost in the spring, be sure to cover your plant and provide a small heat source like a lamp. Self-fruitful or pollenated by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other pear or Asian pear. 20th Century Asian pear trees have a long storage life and ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. The first thing you need to do before you bring your trees home in the spring or fall is to select the perfect location. this is a long lived tree with good care and can last at least another If you get frost in the spring, be sure to cover your plant and provide a small heat source like a lamp. If you happen to spot eggs or larvae before they do too much damage, you can try releasing moth egg parasites (Trichogramma spp. In my opinion, the best way to eat an Asian pear is fresh off the tree. Always prune to an outside facing bud, to encourage the tree to develop a lovely shape. The fruit is rather large, with a thin green to yellow skin. According to 20th Century Asian pear info, this Fruit is ready to harvest starting in early August, and in autumn, the glossy green leaves turn a vibrant orangey red. Some adventurous gardeners try to root new trees from cuttings, but this has a 30-90 percent success rate under the most ideal conditions, in a professional greenhouse with controlled humidity and misting hoses. to be larger, firmer, and more succulent than the popular varieties of the Shinseiki pears can be grown in zones 5 through 9 and may tolerate temperatures as cold as -20 degrees Fahrenheit (-29 Celsius), especially if grafted to a hardy rootstock. ‘Chojuro’ is a dwarf cultivar that grows to a mature height of eight to 10 feet with a spread of six to eight feet. They’ll retain that irresistible crisp texture and flavor. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Learn about growing 20th Century Asian in 1904. These flowers A pear tree can grow to 20 feet tall, but you can keep it 10 – 15 feet tall by simply pruning it. Early to mid-August in Central Calif. exact parentage was, but the seedling was discovered in 1888 by a young boy As for fertilizing, you only need to make sure the tree receives fertilizer once a year: as soon as the soil is workable in the spring. BONIDE® All Seasons Horticultural Spray Oil. It produces yellow round pears (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with hints of red and white flesh which are usually ready for picking in late summer. You don’t want any weeds or grass growing over the root system and competing for water and nutrients. Are you ready to dive headfirst into the world of growing P. pyrifolia? Backfill the hole with two parts native soil and one part well-rotted compost or manure, and water deeply. You can add a three-inch layer of dark mulch to help keep the tree warm during the winter, and a light layer to help it keep cool during the summer. To do this, use pruning shears and cut the branch about two or three buds away from the main branch. Expect mature trees to grow 25 feet (7.6 m.) and start producing 7 Set the root ball inside and backfill with soil, making sure the crown of the sapling is level with the soil surface. It is not known what the tree’s Keeps well, up to six months. I love whiskey barrel containers for growing dwarf fruit trees, like this one from the Home Depot that’s 26 inches in diameter across the rim, 17.5 inches deep, and 21.5 inches wide at the base. Take it far away to be burned or dispose of it in the trash. A good keeper, fruits store well for up to five months in cold storage at 31°F. States Department of Agriculture zones 5 to 9. This size will give a dwarf tree some elbow room while making it (relatively) easy to move, most likely with help from a friend or by placing it on a cart with wheels. Fruit Asian Pear 20th Century 20th Century Asian Pear. Originated in Japan in 1900, the cultivar is also called 'Nijisseki'. Give it a thorough soaking at the base, and let the top inch of soil dry out before you water again. Fruit weighs approximately 12 to 15 ounces! China, Korea, and Japan are the main commercial exporters of the fruit, but it’s also grown in the United States in California, Oregon, and Washington, thanks to those early immigrants. Fruit may be consumed fresh or stored for later use. . Are you ready to find out how to grow and care for your own Asian pear trees? For best results, you will need to plant two varieties that bloom at the same time for pollination. living in what was then, Yatsuhshira in Japan. Botanically, it is a true pear. Although it grows well in warmer locations, keep in mind you won’t get a good harvest with fewer than 300 chill hours. With a mild flavor and coarse texture, this is the fruit for those of us who love firm pears with a hint of rose flavor. pears so you can decide if they would be the perfect tree for your gardening Pollination: Self-fruitful, pollinated by Shinseiki, Bartlett or other asian pear. While P. pyrifolia don’t fall prey to too many pests or diseases, there are a few major troublemakers to watch out for. The tree has a medium growth rate and can be pruned to keep ‘Shinseiki,’ which translates to “new century,” is a cross between two popular varieties: ‘20th Century’ and ‘Chojuro.’ When ripe – usually sometime in August – this mid-size fruit is bright yellow and extremely crunchy. Harvest Season within fruit type. Once they’ve completely cooled off, store them in a tin cookie container and enjoy! Often round like an apple, some P. pyrifolia cultivars are teardrop-shaped like their European counterparts. Recommended chill between 300-400 hours. To harvest, gently grasp the fruit, lift it, and twist it off the branch. See our TOS for more details. is producing, it may be helpful to thin If you’re looking for an exciting fruit to grow at home that tastes like a pear but has the crunchy texture of an apple, look no further than P. pyrifolia. them to a central leader with plenty of air flow at the center. When you’re certain you have the perfect place for those saplings, place your order or bring them home and dig holes for the roots. This pear tree has delicious, firm, crisp and very juicy pears. Once the tree If you think it’s almost picking time but you’re not sure, take one pear off the tree and bite into it. In Japanese, ‘Hosui’ means “abundant juice” or “much water,” depending on the translation. The 20th Century Asian Pear, or Nijisseiki as it is often called, is the perfect ornamental fruit tree for your yard. Below, you’ll find out what it is and how to treat it. The two trees will need to be planted about 15 feet apart if they’re dwarf varieties, and 30 feet apart if they’re full-sized cultivars. BEST ANSWER: This easy-to-grow tree produces an irresistibly sweet, crisp and juicy fruit. If you notice the telltale shriveled leaves, remove the entire affected branch at least 12 inches below the first infected leaf. Other soil types are tolerated, but the tree may produce a lighter crop. The fruit is incredibly delicious, nutritious and easy to grow. Place the root ball inside the hole and make sure the crown of the tree is level with the surface of the soil. Asian pears are either round with greenish-yellow skin, round with bronze skin, or pear-shaped with green or brown skin, depending on the cultivar you are growing. Fruit ripens in August. Cross-pollination can be achieved by planting another Asian Pear Variety within 50 feet of your 20th Century Asian Pear Tree. 1935. As with many other types of fruit trees, P. pyrifolia are most often propagated by being grafted onto rootstock of another variety. Simply add a balanced 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer to give the plant a boost. Asian pears combine the flavor and sweetness of pears … Each hole will need to be the same depth as the root ball and twice as wide. If you’re growing trees grafted onto dwarf rootstock – aka dwarf cultivars of P. pyrifolia – you can plant them in containers. Pack your bounty in a padded bucket until you decide what to do with them, as they bruise very easily. Asian variety ‘20th Century,’ for example, blooms at about the same time as ‘Bartlett,’ and ‘Chojuro’ blooms with ‘Anjou.’. Peruse our three favorite cultivars of this tasty fruit: True to its name, which translates to “plentiful” in Japanese, ‘Chojuro’ produces ample fruit, often in its very first year after planting. With 300-400 chill hours required each winter at 45°F or below, this is the perfect tree for those in cooler climes. The most important consideration here, of course, is the size of your container. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. Estimated Chilling Requirement 300-400 hours below ... Pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett or 20th Century. If you prefer a dwarf ‘Hosui,’ which reaches up to 12 feet in height, you can find it at the Home Depot. Fill the container with gardening soil that’s one part topsoil, one part well-rotted compost, and one part peat moss. 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